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Optometric Education

The Journal of the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry

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Systemic and Ocular Associations of Angioid Streaks:
a Teaching Case Report

Background Angioid streaks (AS) are bilateral, linear, crack-like dehiscence of a mineralized, brittle Bruch’s membrane (BrM) that develop secondary to mechanical stress. The age of onset is variable. White people are most commonly affected, and there is no sexual predilection. While AS are associated with multiple systemic diseases, pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is the most frequently […]
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Myasthenia Gravis, the Great Masquerader:
a Teaching Case Report

Background A 76-year-old patient presented with a complaint of binocular diplopia that began months prior. A complete history, eye examination and review of systems were performed, after which he was diagnosed with a presumed, isolated left fourth nerve palsy. Given the patient’s systemic history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia, along with lack of other neurological signs […]
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Positive Changes in Applicant Pool Follow
ASCO’s Optometry Gives Me Life Campaign

In the spring of 2019, the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO) launched the Optometry Gives Me Life campaign. The objective of this public awareness campaign is to develop a robust, diverse and highly qualified pool of applicants to ASCO member schools and colleges of optometry. Early results were promising, and the most […]
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Optometric Case Vignettes for the Clinical Preceptor

Third-year optometric interns generally enter their clinical rotations at a point in their education where they are making the transition from thinking as students to thinking as clinicians. This transition is reflected in how they present their cases to their preceptors, as well as in the quality of their assessments and plans. Historically, healthcare disciplines […]
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A Clinical Approach to Pupil Testing:
a Teaching Case Report

Background The following case report discusses the appropriate testing and diagnosis of a patient with ipsilateral ptosis and miosis. It demonstrates the importance of investigating all differential diagnoses, and it provides a guide for teaching third- and fourth-year optometry students and residents to manage cases of ptosis and abnormal pupillary findings. Also provided are an […]
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Educator’s Toolkit to Address Universal Design
for Learning

In an upcoming issue of Optometric Education, the Educator’s Toolkit feature will focus on Universal Design for Learning (UDL) and UDL concepts that optometric faculty can incorporate into our instructional repertoire. Based on scientific insights into how people learn, UDL is a framework designed to provide a flexible learning environment in which the instructional needs […]
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Phlyctenular Keratoconjunctivitis:
a Teaching Case Report

Background Phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis (PKC) is an acute localized nodular inflammation of the conjunctiva, limbus or peripheral cornea.1-2 It is a delayed-type (IV) hypersensitivity reaction to foreign microbial proteins.3-4 The traditional association in developing countries is with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (sensitivity to tuberculin protein). In developed countries, the most common cause is non-tuberculous hypersensitivity to Staphylococcus aureus.5-12 […]
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Transient Vision Loss: a Teaching Case Report

Background Transient vision loss is the acute loss of vision, either monocular or binocular, lasting less than 24 hours.1 The potential etiologies are wide-ranging, and many are ocular or systemic emergencies. A thorough case history and attention to patient demographics is key. Clarifying the laterality, duration, pattern of loss and recovery, associated visual and systemic […]
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Torpedo Maculopathy: a Teaching Case Report

Introduction Torpedo maculopathy (TM) is a rare, congenital, predominantly unilateral macular lesion. TM lesions can be classified as type I or type II with the assistance of optical coherence tomography (OCT). Both classifications of the condition are typically non-progressive, but a few reports of accompanying progressive pathology exist in the literature.1,2 TM often presents with […]
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Standardized Tests as Predictors of Success
in Health Professions Education: a Scoping Review

Background Standardized testing is used as a formal assessment of academic ability in order to predict student success in higher education at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. Standardized tests differ from in-class assessments of knowledge because they are administered in a controlled environment, thus allowing for comparison of student performance that is presumably independent […]
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Student Perceptions of Attaining the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry Graduate Attributes

Background Assessment of learning is a necessary step in providing feedback to students on their learning and providing the institution valuable information for making programmatic changes. Assessment is defined as the process of gathering data to understand changes in students’ knowledge, ability or attitude.2,3 Assessment can take many forms. In the classroom, formative assessment is […]
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Review of Standardized Testing in Doctoral Health Professions Admission Requirements

Background The purpose of this study is to assess the current status of the role of standardized testing in the admissions process for graduate health professions in the United States by quantifying the number and percentage of health professions programs that require standardized testing for admissions, and to determine which standardized tests are required by […]
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CMV Retinitis: a Teaching Case Report

Background This case involves a 37-year-old Hispanic male who was diagnosed with cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis because of poorly controlled human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). CMV retinitis is a full-thickness retinal necrosis resulting from reactivation of CMV, which is a common virus in humans and a member of the herpetic virus family. The virus manifests […]
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