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Optometric Education

The Journal of the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry

Feature Archives

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The Many Faces of Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy: a Teaching Case Report

Background Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is characterized by subretinal, vascular lesions associated with serous and hemorrhagic detachments of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Typically, it presents as massive (greater than 4 disc diameters) subretinal hemorrhage or orange nodules in the macular area. It can also occur in the peripapillary and extramacular areas, albeit less often.1 […]
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Understanding Geographic Atrophy in Advanced
Non-Exudative Age-Related Macular Degeneration:
a Teaching Case Report

Background Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common condition which, as the name implies, results in acquired degenerative changes involving the macular region of the eye. The initial presentation is typically the focal deposition of abnormal amounts of extracellular debris, known as drusen, within and around Bruch’s membrane, the acellular layer separating the retinal pigment […]
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Bowen’s Disease of the Eyelid: a Teaching Case Report

Background This case report reviews the clinical manifestation of Bowen’s disease (BD) in a patient who presented to the eye clinic with a chief complaint of a “bump” on his eyelid. BD (ICD-10: D09.22), also known as squamous cell carcinoma in situ, is a precancerous skin lesion confined to the epidermis. The etiology of this […]
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Ocular and Visual Manifestations of Parkinson’s Disease: a Teaching Case Report

Background Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative conditions, just second to Alzheimer’s.1 It was first documented as a neurological syndrome in 1817 by James Parkinson, though symptoms that suggested PD had been described even earlier.2,3 In 1925, Brissaud proposed that damage to the substantia nigra was seen in individuals with PD.2 […]
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Anterior Uveitis, More than a Red Eye:
a Teaching Case Report

Background Uveitis is, by strict definition, an inflammation of the uveal tract. The term can also be used to describe many other forms of intraocular inflammation involving not only the uvea but also the retina and its vasculature.1 The uveal tract is divided into anterior and posterior portions. The anterior portion of the uveal tract […]
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Letting Go of Cognitive Error When Presumed Glaucoma Isn’t Glaucoma: a Teaching Case Report

Background Graber et al. describe three major categories of diagnostic errors in medicine: 1) no-fault errors, 2) system errors, and 3) cognitive errors.1 No-fault errors occur when a disease lacks the classic textbook presentation and/or mimics something more common. System errors occur due to deficiencies in the healthcare system. These include organizational structure, culture, policies, […]
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In Response to “Review of Standardized Testing in Doctoral Health Professions Admission Requirements”

The role that standardized exams should play in optometry program admissions is a timely and important topic, and Ooley et al. (2021) are to be commended for their comprehensive review of usage of such exams by doctoral-level health professions programs. Their paper, “Review of Standardized Testing in Doctoral Health Professions Admission Requirements,” was published in […]
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Celebrating Teaching Case Reports

This edition of Optometric Education celebrates teaching case reports. The concept of teaching case reports for this journal was developed by Barry Kran, OD, FAAO, from the New England College of Optometry, and Elizabeth Hoppe, OD, MPH, DRPH, former editor of the journal. The first two teaching case reports ― Management of Anisometropic Amblyopia and […]
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UDL: A Framework for Meeting Diverse Learning Needs

The demographics of students entering post-secondary education are changing. Today’s students have diverse backgrounds. They are more likely than in the past to be first-generation college students, military students, nontraditional (e.g., older) students, minorities or English language learners. Additionally, more students with disabilities are enrolling in colleges and universities. Studies and other data documenting these […]
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