Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: A Teaching Case Report

Aurora Denial, OD, FAAO
Nancy B. Carlson, OD, FAAO


Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), previously known as pseudotumor cerebri, is a condition of increased intracranial pressure of unknown etiology. The most common ocular sign of the disorder is bilateral optic disc edema. Early and appropriate diagnosis and effective management are crucial. This teaching case report will highlight the overall role of the primary care optometrist in the diagnosis and management of a patient with IIH. The case specifically deals with the challenges involved in delivering bad or upsetting news to patients, the facilitation of communication, both interprofessional and doctor/patient, and the critical thinking skills needed for accurate patient management.

Key Words: idiopathic intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, primary care, optometrist

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