Lorne Yudcovitch, OD, MS, FAAO
John R. Hayes, PhD
Background: Presentation of patient case examples is often used in healthcare education to facilitate clinical thinking in the classroom. The question arises as to whether a passive (instructor-only presentation) or Socratic (encouraging student discussion) approach is more effective when presenting patient case examples. Methods: Student exam performance and perceptions from passive and Socratic approaches were assessed. Results: Little difference was seen in examination performance using either approach; however, students subjectively preferred the Socratic approach rather than passive instruction. Conclusions: Socratic or passive case-based approaches provide comparable examination outcomes. Students tend to prefer the Socratic approach when presented patient cases.
Key Words: case-based learning, Socratic method